What are Peptides?
Peptide is a molecule consisting of two or more amino acids, linked together with a peptide bond Externally, protein looks like a chain, in which the number of links depends on the number of the amino acids it includes. Proteins or the chains of amino acids may be both long and short. The short ones are called peptides. Size of a peptide is up to 1nm; therefore, peptides can be rightly numbered as a part of Nanoworld. Conventionally, it is believed that one peptide molecule consists of under 100 amino acids while protein molecule – over 100. Peptides can be derived from plants or animals as well as artificially synthesized. Effects of peptides Life exists because of two kinds of molecules: peptides that carry information and DNA that carries information as well but being just a matrix is inactive. A compound of peptide and a certain part of DNA is a signal for synthesis of a specific protein. Natural peptides are organic substances that regulate the condition of a cell. What happens when peptides get into the body? They make a cell to function properly and body starts to cure itself. In other words, the process of restoration of an ill part of the body is launched due to normalization of its work on the cellular level. Neither chemical nor surgical intervention is needed. If a body is intoxicated, recovery process with help of biologically active food supplements may take ages while it does not matter in the case of peptides. When they get into the body they start doing their job straight away giving the new life to cells. They replace old, ill cells with the new ones. Entering cell peptides are capable to increase its lifetime up to 30%-40%. When they enter the body an active process of recovery is launched. Peptide bio regulators have a unique capability to restore the protein synthesis in a body that is decreased due to illness or aging. It goes along with increased adaptation potential and recovery of the functional activity of the body. Besides, peptides regulate the activity of genes decreasing the activity of "bad" genes and activating the "good" genes, if necessary, stimulating reproduction of proteins. Who should use peptides? The task of gerontologists is development of drugs that are safe, harmless and reliably preserve the quality of life as long as possible. Peptide bio-regulation is one of the most promising ways in this direction and it is being studied by the leading scientists from Germany, Israel, Russia etc. As a result of 20 years long research, The Institute of Gerontology and Bio-Regulation led by Prof. V.Kh. Khavinson developed a special program focusing on prevention of age-related problems, decrease mortality and increase the working period. A few years ago Russian president approved the program of implementation of peptide drugs into medicine. It is found that systematic use of peptide drugs is advisable for people reaching the second half of life – starting from 40. In addition it is expedient for people suffering from extreme factors as for athletes, for instance. Peptide bio-regulators normalize protein synthesis, thus, preventing changes related to aging and illnesses. They are used preventing and curing states connected with malfunction of body’s resistance abilities, besides they effectively increase existing methods of rehabilitation after various extreme factors as traumas, intoxication, infections, stress, etc.